The uberization of soft mobility is exploding. But if bike sharing was not a problem too much, 98% of French adults knowing to ride a bike and its practice meeting the rules of the road, it is not the same for the last arrival: the scooter electric.
Is it first allowed? It seems that the legislator did not think of it when writing the various codes. Considered to be an electrically assisted Personal Traveling Equipment (PDE), she:
- Is prohibited from traffic on public roads. The Highway Code only allows traffic to the vehicles defined in article R311-1. However, PDEs do not appear in the code nomenclature. Electric scooters would only be relegated to private spaces and public spaces other than roads.
- Is not considered a pedestrian, and therefore prohibited from driving on sidewalks, Article R 412-34 of the Highway Code explicitly identifying what can be likened to a pedestrian. However, European Directive 2002/24 / EC of 18 March 2002 on two- or three-wheeled motor vehicles implies that machinery "Driven by pedestrians" not exceeding a maximum design speed of 6 km / h could be likened to pedestrians, restricted by a ministerial issue in 2010 which limited it to persons with reduced mobility.
The development of electric scooters is therefore outside the legal framework and only under the pressure of apps scooters. As often, the market is ahead of the law.
Another factor to support: the dangerousness of the scooter. Launched at 30 km / h among traffic, sometimes on the sidewalk in the middle of passersby, without proper protection and without bodywork, the scooter driver is at the mercy of other road users.
Unfortunately, the first death was announced on June 11th. A refusal of priority and a truck never got along well, even at low speed, and especially without bodywork. An elderly person also died in Levallois-Perret, mowed by an electric scooter. The driver of the machine will be tried for manslaughter. We also saw a pianist from the Paris Opera overturned and not know if she could replay or a scooter crashing alone.
In response to these accidents, which are part of the daily risks of the road, Prevention Road calls for training for the youngest, which could be a module to add to the road safety patent (BSR). And the Paris City Hall asked manufacturers to limit the speed of scooters to 20 km / h.
In the wake, the government has announced a decree to take into account these devices and define their use on public roads. It will be based on the rules applicable to cyclists, with some specificities (traffic on the off-road pavement, for example).
With the arrival of a new vehicle, with an uncertain legal framework and an existing demand despite the potential danger of the activity, the government decided to create a regulatory framework for electric scooters.
What is the relationship with cannabis? It is, however, quite limpid. Cannabis is potentially dangerous, widely democratized, with an existing market, like the electric scooter.
Cannabis, still banned
Cannabis is nowadays experienced by seventeen million French people, consumed every year by five millions and daily by nearly a million.
Cannabis use is not risk-free, but less dangerous than that of alcohol or cigarette, two legal products. Over-consumption of cannabis is not lethal, unlike alcohol, and the consequences of healthy eating are less for an adult.
According to estimates circulating, cannabis is cultivated by some 200,000 French people and makes as much live, for a turnover of more than one billion euros per year.
Despite this penetration into society, cannabis is still banned. Consumers face a one-year prison sentence and a fine of € 3,750, in addition to a recent fine of € 200 for a simple-use offense on public roads, while its autocultivators risk twenty years in prison and 7.5 million euros fine.
How to understand then that we regulate a dangerous and potentially deadly activity like the electric scooter, and that we continue to ban cannabis, left in the hands of the black market, which reap all the benefits without concern for safety or public health?
How to explain once again this double weight, two measures?
The Terra Nova think tank had done a similar review a few years ago, proposing a controlled legalization of cannabis on the model of the regulation of online games, again a contested market, emerging and presenting a risk of abuse.
And even more, think back to the CBD stores in the summer of 2018. The very same ones who sold hemp flower at less than 0.2% THC, extremely far from the staggering doses of "street" cannabis, but loaded with cannabidiol (CBD), one of the soothing molecules of cannabis. Those same ones who are based on a European directive which authorizes the use of all the parts of the hemp and on the French law which does not restrict the presence of THC in the finished product while it is under the 0.2% .
Faced with this "cannabis light", the reaction held in two words: prohibition and search. Perquisitions for hemp flowers, but also for simple CBD products. The luckiest entrepreneurs have only been in police custody, where some have taken prison sentences.
How to explain once again this double weight, two measures? Certainly not by rational arguments.
But if we can legalize electric scooters, we must also be able to legalize cannabis.
Here’s what you want to know before seeing your regional medical dispensary:You may need a physician’s recommendation, medical cannabis certification, or whatever appropriate documentation is needed by your state. Typically, you must be 18 or older to be eligible for a medical authorization, but exceptions may be made in some states for minors with particularly debilitating problems. You will usually register with a medicinal dispensary. This is to keep your medical cannabis recommendation or certification on file for regulatory and legal purposes. There will be a waiting space. This is to control the flow of product and patients, but a simple dividing wall also gives patients solitude and direct one-on-one contact with a budtender to discuss medical issues. This procedure can assist budtenders and patients track effective medicine as well as have a living record of producers and goods for future reference and follow-up. Medicinal dispensaries usually permit you to smell and examine the buds before purchase. This may differ from state-to-state.
Yes, municipal approval is required before the AGLC will subject a retail cannabis license. Applicants must get in contact with their intended municipality to find out requirements concerning municipal retail cannabis legislation, zoning requirements, land-use limitations, and place requirements concerning how close a retail store is to a provincial medical care centre, college, or parcel of property designated as a college book.
Keep non-medical cannabis legal Adults that are 19 decades or older are in a position to:Possess up to 30 gram of authorized dried cannabis or the equivalent on their person. Share up to 30 gram of legal cannabis along with other adults in Canada. Buy cannabis products from a Yukon Liquor Corporation licensed retailer. Grow up to four plants per household. It’s illegal to provide non-medical cannabis to anyone under the age of 19 and also for anyone below the age of 19 to possess any quantity of anti inflammatory cannabis in Yukon.It is illegal and dangerous to drive while under the influence of cannabis or other intoxicants.