The international drug network involved Camorra and 'Ndrangheta. West Africa remains one of the hubs of Latin American cocaine trafficking to Europe.
Cocaine trafficking involving the Italian mafias of the Camorra and the 'Ndrangheta has been dismantled early June 2019 in Côte d'Ivoire. Ten suspects arrested in Abidjan : "6 Italians, 1 Franco-Turkish and 3 Ivorians, including 2 women, suspected of being the brains of international cocaine traffickingsaid Commissioner Adomo Bonaventure, director of the Transnational Organized Crime Unit (UCT) In September 2018, the Brazilian police discovered 1.19 tons of cocaine hidden in construction equipment on the port of Santos to Abidjan The investigation determined that the drug was to transit through Côte d'Ivoire, then to Italy, and more specifically to Calabria.The drugs arrive by boat in the Gulf of Guinea.
This operation was carried out thanks to the cooperation between Ivorian, French, Italian and Brazilian police."We have evidence that the goods were destined for 'Ndrangheta and Camorra and that Italian nationals, Ivorian residents for more or less long, were at the origin of the traffic"says Silvain Coué, French liaison officer who took part in the dismantling called "Spaghetti Connection". According to him, the cocaine seized in Santos in Brazil is bought 2.5 million euros in South America to be resold 250 million in Europe.
"For 20 years, West Africa has become, if not a hub, a very important rebound zone for traffickers. This operation proves that if they thought that Côte d'Ivoire and West Africa could be a sanctuary, they were wrong "says Silvain Coué. It is true that the international mafias profit from the weakness of the States of the region, and from the facility to find "hired hands" because of the poverty of the population.
This dismantling is the third of its kind in Côte d'Ivoire in less than three years, and the largest by its magnitude. But seizures, even spectacular, are just a drop in the ocean of traffic. As early as 2009, a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) estimated that about 250 tons of cocaine had already passed through this route.
The criminologist Xavier Raufer already stated in 2013 that "the profits from cocaine trafficking are so huge that the lengthening of the sectors and hence the price of transport are not a problem". At the slightest problem, "new roads are already opening up by Angola, the Republic of Congo and the Great Lakes or by Libya, a vast marquetry of tribes at war", concluded the criminologist.
For more than 20 years, West Africa has been one of the major cocaine routes through the Sahel to Europe. Even before the Malian conflict, drugs arrived by air in Mauritania or northern Mali (on clandestine tracks in the desert). Once received, and sometimes transformed on site, the drug was transported by road, particularly via the Sahel, to the southern shores of the Mediterranean.
The academic and Islamologist Mathieu Guidère affirmed from the beginning of the conflict with the Sahel: "The French military intervention in Mali was a kick in the anthill, which totally disrupted drug, arms and illegal immigration trafficking in the region, shattering all the networks that passed through the north of the country. Mali. " And the researcher explain: "The traffickers pay the Islamist movements a right of passage of 10% calculated on the overall value of the cargo, some armed groups providing in addition, for remuneration, a protection of the convoy. "
Drug trafficking, as well as arms and human beings (or fake medicines) in the region, contributes to the financing of the various armed groups in the Sahel, facing poverty and major governance problems. The military budget of many of the countries in the zone is most often lower than the selling price of a few tons of cocaine in Europe.
Here’s what you want to know before visiting your local medical dispensary:You may require a physician’s recommendation, medical cannabis certificate, and/or whatever proper documentation is required by your state. Ordinarily, you need to be 18 or older to qualify for a medical consent, but exceptions may be made in some states for minors with particularly debilitating conditions. You will often register with a medicinal dispensary. This is to keep your medical cannabis recommendation or certification on file for regulatory and legal purposes. There’ll be a waiting space. This will be to control the circulation of product and patients, but a straightforward dividing wall gives patients solitude and direct one-on-one contact using a budtender to discuss medical problems. This procedure can assist budtenders and patients track effective medicine in addition to have a living listing of manufacturers and goods for future reference and follow-up. Medicinal dispensaries usually allow you to smell and examine the buds prior to purchase. This may differ from state-to-state.
Yes, municipal approval is required prior to the AGLC will subject a retail cannabis license. Applicants must get in contact with their planned municipality to learn requirements regarding municipal retail cannabis legislation, zoning requirements, land-use restrictions, and location requirements concerning how close a retail store can be to a provincial health care facility, school, or parcel of land designated as a school reserve.
Keep non-medical cannabis legal Adults who are 19 years or older are in a position to:Possess up to 30 g of authorized dried cannabis or the equivalent on their own person. Share up to 30 gram of legal cannabis with other adults in Canada. Purchase cannabis goods from a Yukon Liquor Corporation licensed retailer. Grow up to four crops per household. It is illegal to present non invasive cannabis to anyone under the age of 19 and for anyone below the age of 19 to have any quantity of anti inflammatory cannabis in Yukon.It is dangerous and illegal to drive while under the influence of cannabis or other intoxicants.