It is understood: the societal issues raised by cannabis, especially when it contains THC with psychoactive effects, are primarily public health. And these concern the youngest: in the current state of medical knowledge, it is considered that the use of cannabis is harmful during the years of brain maturation, especially during adolescence and up to 22 years or 25 years , and always harmful to the learning of knowledge, through its negative effects on attention, concentration, and memorization. However, France reports record cannabis use among these younger populations, especially minors, as nearly 40% of 17-year-olds say they have already smoked a joint, well above the European average. , less than 19%. Today, traffic has penetrated high schools and colleges, and products are easily accessible to all, from a very young age. On the other hand, moderate consumption at older ages is not a problem: cannabis is a much less harmful drug than tobacco or alcohol.
Public health, which focuses on the well-being of populations, is based on many academic disciplines: clinical, social and preventive medicine, sociology, law, epidemiology … As has amply confirmed the last congress of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy, which was held in Paris in May, the economy is also a very strongly mobilized discipline and the exchanges are fruitful, especially when the different modes of regulation of the uses, or the production, are examined. , drugs. It is this observation that prompted the Conseil d'analyze économique (CAE) to examine the issue of recreational use of cannabis, by entrusting one of its members, Emmanuelle Auriol, and myself, the writing a note on this subject. Presented to the government and published on June 20, this note has received impressive media coverage by its quantity and sometimes by its quality. Public opinion, obviously, thinks it may be interesting to listen to the economists' point of view.
This one presents a first quirk: it is one of the few questions that is unanimously agreed among economists, the finding on the social inefficiency of the prohibition being unanimously shared. However, until recently, it remained difficult to study concrete alternatives to these policies, as they had rarely been attempted. This is no longer the case, as countries such as Uruguay or very recently Canada, as well as more and more states in the United States, have engaged in the legalization of cannabis. For social scientists, these experiences are exciting in many ways. On the one hand, each state, or each province in Canada, commits to it in different ways, thus generating a field of study of incredible richness, making it possible to identify the policies that can work, and those that do not. have not produced the expected effect. On the other hand, it is not so common to see such radical changes in the regulation of a market: it goes from an illegal situation where only criminal networks are able to generate significant profits in a regulated status, where many companies invest and hire legal workers, where the state finds a central role in the regulation of demand and supply, and can count on substantial tax revenues, among others to lead to prevention and risk reduction policies, and to support the transition of territories that have been gangrened by trafficking.
Hardly the note appeared, the government announced that this question was not on the agenda, and that the repression of the traffickers and the producers would continue to constitute the base of the French policy, the repression of the users having as for it an additional tool with the lump sum fine. Who is, if not next to the plate, at least next to the target: as it will apply only to major users, it is not clear how it will address the consumption too early.
On the contrary, foreign experiences show that the regulation of a legal sector cuts, without a pun intended, the grass under the feet of the traffickers, and that the prohibition of the sale to the minors can be better respected within a regulated framework only under a generalized prohibition. The debate can not, today, not take into account these foreign lessons; it is already opening in many territories: regions, communes, and even Parliament, seize it: hope that, this time, the voice of these territories is heard.
This column "Economics" will resume Tuesday, September 3.
Here’s what you need to know before seeing your regional medical dispensary:You may need a doctor’s recommendation, medical cannabis certificate, and/or whatever appropriate documentation is needed by your condition. Ordinarily, you must be 18 or older to be eligible for a medical authorization, but exceptions could be made in some conditions for minors with especially debilitating problems. You will usually enroll with a medicinal dispensary. This is to keep your medical cannabis recommendation or certificate on file for legal and regulatory purposes. There’ll be a waiting space. This is to control the circulation of product and patients, but a straightforward dividing wall also gives patients privacy and direct one-on-one contact using a budtender to discuss medical issues. Many times, but not necessarily, your purchases will be tracked by medical dispensaries. This process can assist budtenders and patients monitor effective medication as well as possess a living record of manufacturers and goods for future reference and follow up. Medicinal dispensaries usually allow you to smell and examine the buds before purchase. This may differ from state-to-state.
DOES AN APPLICANT NEED MUNICIPAL APPROVAL BEFORE RECEIVING A RETAIL CANNABIS LICENSE? Yes, municipal approval is necessary prior to the AGLC will subject a retail cannabis license. Applicants must get in touch with their planned municipality to find out requirements regarding municipal retail cannabis legislation, zoning requirements, land-use restrictions, and place requirements concerning how close a retail shop can be to a provincial medical care facility, college, or parcel of land designated as a school reserve.
Keep non-medical cannabis legal Adults who are 19 decades or older are able to:Possess up to 30 gram of legal dried cannabis or the equivalent on their person. Share up to 30 gram of legal cannabis with other adults in Canada. Buy cannabis products from a Yukon Liquor Corporation licensed retailer. Grow up to four plants per family. It is illegal to present non invasive cannabis to anyone under the age of 19 and also for anyone under the age of 19 to have any amount of non-medical cannabis in Yukon.It is illegal and dangerous to drive while under the influence of cannabis or other intoxicants.